Generating a List of Lambda

def cm():
 return [lambda x:i*x for i in range(3)]

for m in cm():

Above is Python 3 sample. Which won't work since the lambdas are bound with i . But i is in rotation. So the Lambdas are created with binding to a var, when the Lambdas are evaluated, the var keeps the last value as "2" in current example. This is common Late Binding behavior as usual functions.

Solution 1: Use iterator rather than list

def cm():
 return (lambda x:i*x for i in range(3))

for m in cm():

Solution 2: Creating a Closure to Evaluate Arguments Immediately

Another way to mitigate the Late Binding is to create a Closure to immediately evaluate the parameters with a temporary variable.

def clip():
    return [lambda x, i=i: i*x  for i in range(3)]

However, the closure hacking is still a debating way to take more assumptions on language or interpreter implementation.


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